WordPress, like other website development software, requires a server to function to set up a local WordPress Development Environment. The popular ones out there are XAMPP & WAMP for windows and LAMP for Linux. In this tutorial, I will walk you through installing XAMPP for windows. The steps are almost similar for both, so whichever you are installing, you are good.
To set up local WordPress Development Environment :
Download the XAMPP installer from Bitnami website. There are 2 versions (5 and 7). These are the PHP versions of the server. WordPress recommends v7 with the possibility of enforcing it by 2020. There are old themes that will not work on v7, and there are new themes that will not work on v5, so to be on the safe side, download v7 and use updated themes.
Double click the installer and direct it to install in C:\xampp and agree to all.
After the installation, you can select to start the XAMPP control panel.
The installer does not put a shortcut to the control panel in your desktop, so follow these steps to have it close by.
In file, explorer go to C:\xampp and locate the xampp-control.exe file.
Double click to start it.
Right-click on the icon in your taskbar and select pin to taskbar.
This keeps it in your taskbar even after closing it.
XAMPP Control Panel WordPress Development.
After starting the control panel, there are many buttons and controls, but we are only interested in two of them: Apache & MySQL, the first two buttons on the left. Starting these two services starts the server and can be verified by going to ‘localhost’ in your browser.
To get WordPress running smoothly, we need to make a few changes in the code of XAMPP files. This is basic, so even muggles should do this with ease.
We need to increase the maximum execution time of each script in seconds, maximum input time, the maximum size of POST data and maximum allowed size for file uploads.
In your XAMPP control panel, click on the config on the Apache line (first line) and select PHP (php.ini).
This will open a text document, press Ctrl + F to search and write ‘max’ without the quotes, and press enter.
Keep pressing enter until you reach the maximum execution time line and edit max_execution_time=300 to max_execution_time=1000.
After that, click on “Find Next” until you reach maximum input time and change max_input_time=300 to max_input_time=1000.
Next, click on “Find Next” until you reach maximum size of POST data and change post_max_size=2M to post_max_size=200M.
Then click on “Find Next” until you reach maximum allowed size for file uploads and change upload_max_filesize=2M to upload_max_filesize=200M.
Save the document and restart the server for the changes to take effect.